Archives for Culture of Greece - Page 4
Sappho was a Greek lyric poet from the island of Lesbos. She was known in Antiquity as a great poet. Plato referred to her as «the tenth Muse». Although it is said that her work filled nine papyrus rolls in the great library of Alexandria, only a small and fragmented body of her poetry survived to the present day.
Hesiod (c. 700 BC) is one of the early Greek Epic poets. Ancient authors credited him and Homer with establishing Greek religious customs while modern scholars refer to Hesiod as a major source on Greek mythology, farming techniques, early economic thought, archaic Greek astronomy and ancient time-keeping.
The «Iliad» is an ancient Greek poem in dactylic hexameter (also called «heroic hexameter») attributed to Homer. The Iliad is first known literature of Europe, the first great book, and the first great book about the suffering and loss of war. Iliad contains 15.693 lines and is written in Homeric Greek, a literary amalgam of Ionic Greek and other Greek dialects.
The Greek word «Kalada» (carols), derives from the Latin calendae, which means the first day of the month. In Ancient Greece, there were various texts comparable to the contemporary «Kalada», which contained praises for the landlord and good wishes for the prosperity of the household.