- Croesus and Delphi
“Croesus Showing Solon His Riches”, oil on canvas attributed to Casper Casteleyn, circa 1655. Gateshead, metropolitan county Tyne and Wear, U.K.

Croesus reigned in Lydia in the 6th c. BC. His name became a synonym of wealth. Well – known is the story of the Lydian king, told by Herodote :

Croesus asked the Greek sage Solon, after showing him his wealth, who the happiest man in the world was. Yet, Solon’s response was that happier than Croesus were Tellus the Athenian, who died fighting for his country, after seeing his children living a prosperus life, and the brothers Kleovis and Viton, from Argos, who died peacefully in their sleep after their mother prayed for them to have the greatest good God could provide to humans, because they had demonstrated filial piety, by drawing, bare-handed, their mother’s oxcart to Hera’s festival.

The statues of Kleovis and Viton are exposed today in the kouroi room, Delphi Museum. - Croesus and Delphi
Marble statues of Kleobis and Viton (identified by inscriptions on the base) dedicated to Delphi by the city of Argos, signed by [Poly?]medes of Argos. , ca. 580 BC. Delphi Archaeological Museum, Greece.

The hypocraterion (the sub-structure of the silver crater), donated by Alyates, father of Croesus to Delphic Apollo, composed by Glaukos the Chian, is descried by Paysanias as still-standing in the 2nd c.AD, eight centuries after its construction.

Pausanias is mentioning a clue material, that bonded the components of this structure, a high-tec gig of the 6th c. BC. ! - Croesus and Delphi
A red-figure amphora from the early 5th c. depicting Croesus sitting – enthroned and garlanded with laurel, holding his sceptre and making a libation from a phiale – on a high pyre stoked by his servant (named Euthymos). A friend of the Greeks, the story goes that when the Persians overthrew him he prepared for death but Apollo saved him. (Louvre Museum, Paris, France. Photograph: M.Tiverios, Elliniki Techni).

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